Places of the Hawaiian Islands / Geography

1. d) Hanauma Bay. A great place to snorkel and see colorful reef fish, Hanauma Bay is visited by as many as 2 million people a year.

2. c) Kalaupapa. A 1960 Act of the Hawaiian legislature began the colony, which was intended to stop the spread of leprosy in the islands.

3. d) Molokini is visited daily by divers and snorkelers, and became a Marine Life Conservation District in 1977.

4. a) The Ko‘olau and Wai‘anae Ranges are aligned perpendicular to the typical northeast tradewinds, creating wet windward and dry leeward sides of O‘ahu.

5. c) Maui. This spot was featured in National Geographic, and has some of the world’s biggest surf-able waves.

6. b) The Wailua River on Kaua‘i’s east side is big enough for water skiing and wake boarding.

7. c) The Prince Course was designed by Robert Trent Jones, Jr., and is near the resort community of Princeville and the beautiful north shore town of Hanalei.

8. c) Mt. Wai‘ale‘ale averages over 400 inches of rain per year.

9. b) ‘Iolani Palace was the home of Queen Lili‘uokalani until the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy.

10. c) Diamond Head got its name after some 19th century British sailors mistook its calcite crystals for diamonds.

11. d) Hanauma Bay on O‘ahu provides spectacular snorkeling opportunities.

12. c) Lāna‘i has recently seen a marked rise in tourism related activities.

13. c) That’s 11 miles each way along a rugged coastline trail (but well worth the trek).

14. a) Kaua‘i is the 4th largest island, and the northernmost of the main Hawaiian Islands.

15. c) The Natatorium is on the National Register of Historic Places.

16. c) Nu‘uanu Pali Lookout is a good place to feel the strong winds of windward O‘ahu.

17. d) Kona Coast. Many charter boats are available for fishing trips.

18. a) Rainbow Falls. Waianuenue means “Rainbow seen in water.”

19. d) Crater Rim Drive provides stunning views, from steam vents to craters to rain forest.

20. c) The original Carthaginian sank in 1972 when it hit a reef outside Lahaina Harbor.

21. b) The Hana Highway is also laced with waterfalls and scenic views.

22. a) Mauna Kea is 13,796 feet tall.

23. b) Mauna Loa is on Hawai‘i Island.

24. d) Aloha Tower is now a bustling marketplace with lively nightlife.

25. a) The Parker Ranch covers a large area of the Big Island.

26. d) Hale‘iwa is still a small town, but visited by many tourists, surfers, and spectators.

27. a) Schofield Barracks also now include the Tropic Lightning Museum.

28. c) Ford Island. Moku ‘Ume‘ume means “Island of the Game,” referring to an ancient Hawaiian game that was played there.

29. a) Duke Kahanamoku. He won gold medals in the 1912, 1920, and 1928 Olympics. He was also sheriff of Honolulu and had a Hollywood career.

30. c) The Wizard Stones. The four wise men were Kapaemahu, Kahaloa, Kapuni, and Kinohi.

31. b) ‘Akaka Falls is 420 feet, and accessible by a half hour hike.

32. d) The Bishop Museum is open to the public, including a planetarium.

33. c) Kawaiahao Church conducts services in English and Hawaiian.

34. d) The Polynesian Cultural Center provides entertaining opportunities to understand Pacific cultures.

35. a) Lahaina has the state’s largest banyan, planted in 1873.

36. d) Sea Life Park exhibits many Hawaiian marine species.

37. b) Punchbowl Cemetery is also called Pūowaina, and officially known as The National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific.

38. b) Rolling shrimp. The falls is created by Wailua River plunging over a cliff.

39. d) Ke‘e Beach Park provides excellent snorkeling.

40. c) The West Maui Mountains block much of the rain from Lāna‘i.

41. a) The 8 main islands span about 400 miles from northwest to southeast.

42. b) The 5 volcanoes on the Big Island are: Kīlauea, Mauna Kea, Mauna Loa, Kohala, and Hualālai.

43. a) Mauna Kea rises up over 6 miles from the ocean bottom.

44. d) The Big Island is the youngest, at less than a half million years old.

45. b) Spouting Horn provides wonderful displays of water.

46. d) The Bering Sea breeds storm systems that produce enormous ocean waves.

47. b) Kīlauea Lighthouse provides a spectacular panoramic view of the ocean, and is a great place to see a whole variety of native birds as well as dolphins, whales, and occasionally monk seals.

48. c) Ni‘ihau is the 7th largest Hawaiian Island.

49. b) The Marquesas Islands are linked to the Hawaiian Islands by linguistic and archaeological evidence.

50. c) Leleiwi Overlook provides a spectacular view of West Maui.

51. d) Moloka‘i’s nickname is the Friendly Isle.

52. d) Kapi‘olani Park is at the Diamond Head end of Waikīkī.

53. d) Hosmer Grove. The melodious laughing thrush is also found in the grove.

54. c) Limahuli Gardens is a great place to learn about Hawaiian plants and traditional practices.

55. a) Windward O‘ahu is the site of this largely Mormon community.

56. b) 76 steps and then 99 steps must be climbed to reach the Diamondhead Lookout.

57. c) Hawaiian Islands. They are all part of the Northwest Hawaiian Islands.

58. d) O‘ahu is the 3rd largest but most populated Hawaiian Island.

59. b) Kohala Coast is the home of these world class resorts.

60. c) Kīlauea is a town on the north shore of Kaua‘i.

61. d) Lāna‘i is the 6th largest Hawaiian Island.

62. b) 2,400 miles. The archipelago of the Hawaiian Islands is the most remote inhabited island group on Earth.

63. a) Nāwiliwili is a main harbor on Kaua‘i.

64. d) Kaua‘i is the only Hawaiian Island that is roughly circular in shape.

65. c) The land area of the State of Hawai‘i is 6,423 square miles.

66. d) Kealakekua Bay on Hawai‘i Island was the scene of Cook’s fatal encounter.

67. c) Crater Rim Drive is the road that circles Kīlauea Volcano’s summit caldera.

68. b) Kīlauea Volcano summit is about 4,000 feet in elevation.

69. b) It is 1,470 miles from Honolulu to the Equator.

70. a) .1%. The 8 main islands comprise 99.9% of the total land area of the Hawaiian Island chain.

71. b) Makawao, Kula and ‘Ulupalakua are found on Maui.

72. c) Kalalau Lookout is one of the Hawaiian Islands’ most scenic vistas.

73. b) Hawai‘i Island (the “Big Island”) is the state’s biggest producer of many agricultural items.

74. c) The Volcano House is atop Kīlauea Volcano’s summit.

75. b) Laupāhoehoe Beach Park was inundated by the 1946 tsunami.

76. c) Maui is the second largest Hawaiian Island.

77. b) Hawai‘i Island is known as the Orchid Isle.

78. c) The land area of Hawai‘i Island is 4,028.2 miles.

79. c) Easter Island is also known as Rapa Nui.

80. d) 1941. The previous structure was built in 1877 and burned down in 1940.

81. c) Haleakalā means “House [used] by the Sun.”[i]

82. c) Gold Coast. The name derives from the proliferation of lush resorts in the area.

83. a) Kilohana Lookout is one of the most spectacular views in the islands.

84. c) Poli Poli State Park is at the 6,200 feet on the slopes of Haleakalā Volcano.

85. d) The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve is 99,500 square nautical miles.

86. c) These theme restaurants are just part of Waikīkī’s bustling night-life.

87. a) The earliest influx of whales has been observed to be around Hawai‘i Island.

88. b) The U.S.S. Missouri battleship sits near the U.S.S. Arizona Memorial, and is also open for tours.

89. b) Mt. Kawaikini is the highest elevation on Kaua‘i, at 5,243 feet.

90. c) Moloka‘i was formed by Kauhakō and Kamakou Volcanoes.

91. d) Moloka‘i has designated the kukui flower as its official emblem.

92. c) The Ala Wai Canal forms the inland boundary of Waikīkī.

93. d) Fort DeRussy sits on land that was once a famous duck-hunting spot for Hawaiian royalty.

94. a) Sans Souci Beach is near the New Otani Kaimana Beach Hotel.

95. b) Damien Museum is a tribute to Father Damien, a Belgian priest known for his work at Moloka‘i’s leper colony. The museum also houses a lunchtime soup kitchen.

96. a) Mānana Island is also called Rabbit Island.

97. c) Sandy Beach is an excellent place for experienced body surfers, but beginners should be extremely cautious in the punishing shorebreak.

98. a) Kāne‘ohe is O‘ahu’s 4th largest city, and Kāne‘ohe Bay is known for its great sailing conditions.

99. d) The Kona Surf Resort provides a manta ray viewing experience that has been described as hypnotic to watch

100. d) The Waikīkī Shell is a well-known local spot that has hosted many musical performances.



Places of the Hawaiian Islands / Geography

Advanced Questions

1. a) Waimea Canyon provides stunning views of sheer red rock walls complete with waterfalls.

2. b) The Powerline Trail is used by mountain bikers, hikers and motorcycle riders, and provides some stunning views of the north and east sides of Kaua‘i.

3. b) There is no Anahola Gardens, but the others provide scenic walks through well-kept native flora.

4. b) The 10,023-foot summit of Haleakalā is known as the best place in the islands to see the sunrise.

5. c) Toilet Bowl can be dangerous, and visitors should use extreme caution.

6. a) Easter Island is also known as Rapa Nui.

7. a) Hale Pa‘aho remains a visitor attraction.

8. a) Waimea Valley was visited in February, 1779 after Captain Cook was killed in an encounter with natives on the Big Island.

9. b) Hālawa Valley was once a population center.

10. a) Mission Houses Museum. The buildings were built by Protestant missionaries.

11. c) Kīlauea Volcano extends over an area of about 600 square miles.

12. d) Moku‘āweoweo is the name of Mauna Loa’s summit caldera.

13. b) Ni‘ihau is 17 miles from Kaua‘i.

14. c) Alekoko Fishpond is said to have been built by a 25-mile long double row of menehune who passed rocks to each other all the way from the source of the stones, the Makaweli Quarry.

15. d) 124. All together, the Northwest Hawaiian Islands add up to about 6 square miles of land.

16. c) Lake Wai‘au is just beneath the summit of Mauna Kea.

17. a) Pu‘ukoholā Heiau is now part of a National Historic Site.

18. c) The State of Hawai‘i is the 47th largest state of the United States.

19. a) Rock Quarries is on Kaua‘i’s northeast coast.

20. d) The summit is 760 feet.

22. a) Tunnels is a scenic beach on Kaua‘i’s north shore.

23. c) Alakoko Fishpond is also known as Menehune Fishpond.

24. d) 3,726 miles is the length of the Hawaiian-Emperor Chain, which is mostly underwater.

25. c) The Robinson family has owned Ni‘ihau since 1864.

26. d) Haleakalā Volcano blocks much of the rain from Kaho‘olawe.

27. a) Waimea Foreign Church was used as a backdrop in the movie White Heat.

28. b) Fed by Mt. Wai‘ale‘ale, Wailua River on Kaua‘i is often called (mistakenly) the only navigable river in the Hawaiian Islands.

29. d) It is 5,598 miles form Honolulu to Surabaia, Indonesia.

30. a) The East Rift Zone is currently the area of Kīlauea Volcano that is most active.

31. c) The Big Island’s orchid industry is based in Hilo.

32. c) It is a 2 mile hike from Ke‘e to Hanakāpī‘ai

33. d) Hawai‘i Island (The Big Island) is over 5 times as big as Maui.

34. a) Kaua‘i. The modern myth of the menehune describes an ancient race of small, extremely skilled people who would always complete a job in a single night or else leave it unfinished.

35. d) Tahiti. The second wave of migrations, around A.D. 1000, came from Tahiti.

36. b) Queen’s Bath, also called Punalu‘u, was buried by lava flows in 1987.

37. a) Hulihe‘e Palace was the summer residence of King Kalākaua.

38. b) The monument is near the spot where Captain Cook died.

39. d) The Cathedrals are 40 to 60-feet deep, and there is also a dive nearby called Second Cathedrals.

40. a) Sliding Sands Trail descends into Haleakalā Crater.

41. b) The highest spot on O‘ahu is the summit of Ka‘ala, at 4,003 feet.

42. c) Kure Atoll is the northwestern boundary of the Northwest Hawaiian Islands.

43. b) The Oceanarium is in the Pacific Beach Hotel lobby, and divers enter it 4 times each day to feed the tropical fish.

44. d) Black Rock is also called Keka‘a Point.

45. c) Makapu‘u Point. A walk to the lighthouse lookout provides scenic coastal views.

46. a) Hōlualoa is a one-road village featuring craft shops and galleries as well as a general store, an elementary school, and a Japanese cemetery.

47. c) The “Garden of the Gods” is the result of erosion due to overgrazing.

48. a) Olowalu Beach was the site of the massacre. Olowalu means “Many hills.”

49. d) Waimea is also referred to as Kamuela.

50. d) Kapa‘au is a small North Kohala town, with a police station and courthouse, and also Kamehameha Park, which has a pool and gymnasium.

[i] p. 36, Pukui, Mary Kawena, Elbert, Samuel H., and Mookini, Esther T. Mookini. Place Names of Hawaii: Revised & Expanded Edition. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1974.