1. b) 1778. This established the first verifiable western contact with the Hawaiian Islands.

2. a) George Ariyoshi was the first United States governor of Japanese ancestry.

3. c) Eddie Aikau. The saying “Eddie Would Go” originates from the bravery of Eddie Aikau in attempting to help his Hōkūle‘a crew members, who were later rescued.

4. b) The U.S.S. Arizona Memorial is the most visited attraction in the Hawaiian Islands.

5. b) Red is said to symbolize Hawaiian gods, white symbolizes truth, and blue for the ocean.

6. a) Maui is known as the Valley Isle.

7. c) The Moana Hotel was built in 1901, beginning Waikīkī’s reign as a resort destination.

8. a) The Ala Wai Canal changed Waikīkī from marshland into the most valuable real estate in the Hawaiian Islands.

9. b) Members of the 442nd Infantry Regiment will forever be known as brave heroes.

10. c) O‘ahu is known as The Gathering Place.

11. b) Cayetano was the first Filipino governor.

12. d) Sugar production made these companies very powerful and influential.

13. b) Hawai‘i Calls radio show brought a taste of the Hawaiian Islands to U.S. listeners for over 30 years.

14. c) Waikīkī Aquarium reopened in 1994 after extensive renovations.

15. d) Sugar became the primary product of the cash economy in the Hawaiian Islands in the 1860s.

16. a) Frank Fasi has long played a significant role in O‘ahu politics.

17. b) John Waihee was re-elected as Governor of Hawai‘i in 1990.

18. d) Filipino. Importation of workers fueled the sugar cane industry.

19. a) 8 were destroyed, and another got underway but was later run aground.

20. b) The law establishing public education in the Hawaiian Islands was passed in 1840.

21. c) John O. Dominis was also governor of O‘ahu.

22. c) Kamehameha the Great died on May 8, 1819.

23. c) Sanford Dole was influential in the overthrow of the monarchy and formation of the Provisional Government.

24. c) Matson built the Malolo, and renamed it the Matsonia in 1937.

25. b) Schofield Barracks are still there today, along with a nearby museum.

26. b) The Hawaiian Islands led the world in pineapple production.

27. d) 864,800 was the population, consisting of many ethnic groups, mostly mixed race, then (in order), Japanese, Caucasian, Filipino, and Chinese.

28. d) Spain. Camp McKinley near Diamond Head was used as the first post.

29. b) Wai‘oli Mission House was built in 1834.

30. b) ‘Iolani Palace was the site of the pro-sovereignty march.

31. d) Duke Kahanamoku was a famous waterman, a Hollywood star, and a sheriff.

32. c) King Kalākaua had ‘Iolani Palace built, and the coronation ceremony took place in February of 1883.

33. a) Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō Crater erupted and collapsed, covering the surrounding area with fine, red dust.

34. b) The Māhele was instituted by Kamehameha III (Kauikeaouli).

35. c) The first sugar mill was built in Hana in 1849.

36. c) The overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy took place in 1893.

37. a) Sanford Ballard Dole was the first president of the Provisional Government.

38. c) 1975 was the year commercial whalewatching began in Hawaiian waters.

39. d) John Waihee was elected governor in 1986, becoming the first elected governor of Hawaiian ancestry.

40. d) 1995. The chimney of the sugarmill still marks the spot in the plantation community of Waipahu.

41. c) 1957 was the year that Kauai‘s north shore was devastated by a tsunami.

42. c) Moloka‘i is known as The Friendly Isle.

43. c) Kaho‘olawe is currently being restored by the military and native groups.

44. d) George Vancouver presented Kamehameha I with the gift of the Union Jack.

45. b) Waikīkī Beachboys were famous for their aloha, and one of the most renowned was Duke Kahanamoku.

46. d) The State of Hawai‘i is known as The Aloha State.

47. b) 1819. The Balaena harpooned a large sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) that yielded 102 barrels of oil.

48. a) 1519. Though Spanish, French, Dutch and English ships traversed the Pacific after this date, it was still another 250 years until westerners (Cook) came upon the Hawaiian Islands.

49. d) Kaua‘i is known as The Garden Isle.

50. b) 1829. That was the year when missionaries voted to select a 12-letter alphabet.

51. d) Ox-pulled carts moved that cane at about 1 mile per hour.

52. a) Earthquake and tsunami. The earthquake was estimated to have had a magnitude of 8.0, and caused a mudflow that buried the village and generated a tsunami that reached an estimated 45 feet high on land.

53. c) Reciprocity Treaty. This caused an immediate significant increase in the sugar industry.

54. a) The United States recognized the Kingdom of Hawai‘i as an independent government in 1842.

55. d) Over 400 whaling ships wintered in the islands each year from 1843 to 1854, on average.

56. b) Asiatic cholera took many native lives in the Hawaiian Islands in 1895.

57. b) Spain. When the Spanish-American War moved to the Pacific’s Spanish Philippines it greatly helped the cause of annexationists.

58. a) 1941 was the year that the U.S. navy gained exclusive use of Kaho‘olawe for bombing practice and gunnery training.

59. a) Lāna‘i is known as the Private Isle, and is also called The Pineapple Island.

60. b) Honolulu Skating Rink was opened in 1871 by Williams & Wallace.

61. b) The cargo from the Hawaiian Islands was sugar.

62. a) 1845 was the year the first crop of coffee was exported from the islands.

63. c) Frank Fasi was succeeded in 1994 by Jeremy Harris.

64. a) There were no more than 40,000 natives by 1890.

65. d) The first volcano observatory atop Kīlauea was built in 1911 by scientist Thomas Jagger and volcanologist Frank Perret.

66. c) Sacred Falls was the site of the landslide where 8 died.

67. d) Six million pounds of taro were produced in the Hawaiian Islands in 1998.

68. b) Scott Waddle was commander of the U.S.S. Greeneville submarine.

69. b) Kamehameha I is also known as Kamehameha the Great.

70. d) Measles swept through the population, killing many natives.

71. b) The threat of French imperialism led Kamehameha III (Kauikeaouli) to sign the secret agreement.

72. c) The Sinclair-Robinson family bought the island of Ni‘ihau from King Kamehameha V (Lot Kapuāiwa Kamehameha).

73. b) The war with Japan led to the internment of Japanese-Americans, devastating the lives of many honest citizens of Japanese descent.

74. b) Earhart made the historic flight in 1935, in a single-engine Lockheed Vega monoplane.

75. d) Queen Lili‘uokalani wrote the song “Aloha Oe.”



Advanced Questions

1. c) 1936, October 22. The flight took 21 hours and 33 minutes, bringing a visit to the islands 3 days closer for the average traveler.

2. a) A Seashell. The highly valued Ni‘ihau leis are made of shells of the Columbella family, and their colors vary from deep brown to pearly white.

3. d) Kaua‘i. Cook first went ashore at Waimea, Kaua‘i, on January 20, 1778.

4. a) Patsy Mink was Hawai‘i’s first elected Congresswoman.

5. d) HMS Resolution and HMS Discovery. Cook sailed the boats north from the islands in search of a Northwest Passage.

6. d) Fort Elizabeth. Scheffer wanted to make Kaua‘i a protectorate of Russia.

7. d) Hawai‘i Pono‘i. The words were written by King Kalākaua and the music was written by Henri Berger.

8. b) Queen’s Medical Center was named after Queen Emma [Emma Na‘ea Rooke; Kalanikaumakeamano; Kaleleonālani].

9. b) “The Duke” was sheriff of Honolulu for 26 years, from 1934 to 1960.

10. a) The steel guitar was designed in 1889 by native Hawaiian Joseph Kekuku.

11. c) Introduced from Portugal, the ‘ukulele is now a symbol of Hawaiian music.

12. c) c) A Japanese pilot crash landed on Ni‘ihau after the Pearl Harbor attack.

13. d) The Sheraton Moana Surfrider reopened in 1989 after a 6-year, $50 million renovation.

14. b) The Kamehameha Schools were established in 1887.

15. b) 1908 was the beginning of naval facility construction in Pearl Harbor.

16. d) International Longshoremen’s and Warehousemen’s Union. The strike was led by Jack Hall.

17. c) 1907 was the year the first pineapple cannery was established in the Hawaiian Islands.

18. b) Ariyoshi was elected governor in 1974.

19. c) Alfred Pries was born in Austria.

20. c) 1974. The Sugar Act had been in effect for 40 years before it expired.

21. c) Nāwiliwili Harbor was fired upon by a Japanese submarine on Christmas Day, 1941.

22. a) The Provisional Government was proclaimed on January 17, 1893.

23. b) The Bowfin. The submarine also rescued American officers in the Philippines.

24. c) Hurricane ‘Iwa hit November 3, 1982.

25. d) Wallace R. Farrington was Governor of Hawai‘i.

26. a) 4. The contest was held in 1986, 1990, 1995, and 2001.

27. b) Eddie Aikau disappeared in 1978.

28. a) Grover Cleveland ordered the monarchy restored to Queen Lili‘uokalani, but the order was not carried out.

29. c) President John F. Kennedy addressed the National Conference of Mayors in Honolulu in 1963.

30. c) 1957. The Hawaiian-English Dictionary now contains over 26,000 Hawaiian words.

31. d) Cook died on February 14, 1779.

32. c) Frank Fasi was elected mayor of Honolulu in 1968.

33. a) The Ala Moana opened in 1959, the same year the Hawaiian Islands became a state.

34. a) The Wilson Tunnel opened in 1960.

35. d) 1967 was the year the Hawaiian Islands reached the 1 million visitor mark.

36. c) George R. Carter was appointed as the Territory’s second governor.

37. c) 1972 was the first year that the Hawaiian Islands attracted over 2 million visitors.

38. a) Fort Shafter was named after a Spanish-American War and Civil War veteran.

39. c) White Heat was filmed in 1933.

40. c) Cook was in search of the elusive Northwest Passage.

41. c) John Rodgers Airport was the original name of Honolulu Airport

42. c) Ni‘ihau is known as The Forbidden Isle.

43. a) Pua hinahina. Its scientific name is Heliotropium anomalum.

44. d) William F. Quinn had been the governor of the Territory before being elected governor of the State of Hawai‘i.

45. a) Jean King was the first female Lieutenant Governor of Hawai‘i.

46. b) 1810-1820 were the peak years of the sandalwood trade, and by 1840 nearly all of the sandalwood trees of marketable size in the Hawaiian Islands had been cut down.

47. a) Great Britain and France issued the joint declaration recognizing the independence of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i.

48. c) 1851 was the peak year of whaling in the Hawaiian Islands.

49. a) Joseph B. Poindexter was the Governor of Hawai‘i when Pearl Harbor was attacked.

50. d) 5. After the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy, Lili‘uokalani spent many years fighting for the causes of her people.

51. b) Tsunami. The tsunami destroyed 25 of the 29 homes in Hā‘ena.

52. d) Sun Yat Sen was China’s first president.

53. d) Daniel K. Inouye was the first Congressman of Hawai‘i, and he was a Democrat.

54. c) Thaddeus was the name of the brig that brought the missionaries to Waimea in 1820.

55. d) Regular sailing packet service began in 1855.

56. d) It is 12,417 miles from Honolulu to Botswana.

57. d) Sparky Matsunaga became a United States Senator.

58. c) 1845 was the year that year that Lahainaluna Seminary Press published the first English-Hawaiian Dictionary.

59. c) Rice was grown until about 1930, when taro once again became Hanalei’s main agricultural product.

60. a) The Ehime Maru was sunk by a United States submarine.

61. c) The Hawaiian Islands became a Territory in the year 1900.

62. b) Chain of Craters Road has repeatedly been buried by lava flows.

63. a) David Douglas was the famous botanist found trapped in the hunting pit with a bull. The Douglas fir tree is named after David Douglas.

64. d) Waipi‘o means “Curving water,” and in ancient times the valley was home to the highest chiefs.

65. d) Taylor Camp was owned by the brother of Elizabeth Taylor.

66. c) Qantas Airlines landed the first commercial jet in the Hawaiian Islands.

67. c) 1914 was the year that the Honolulu Zoo opened in Kapi‘olani Park.

68. b) Devastation Trail is an eerie journey through dead ‘ōhi‘a trees, which are stripped and sun-bleached white against a blackened landscape.

69. b) “Sweet Leilani” was the name of the song that won an Oscar for Harry Owens in 1937.

70. c) 1969 was the year the Apollo 11 astronauts came to the Hawaiian Islands.

71. a) In 1976, Daniel K. Akaka became the first voting Congressman of Hawaiian ancestry.

72. c) The first ever American submarine sinking occurred on March 25, 1915.

73. b) 1927 was the first flight from the United States Mainland to the Hawaiian Islands.

74. c) Jack Lord starred in the cowboy television series Stoney Burke.

75. c) Joseph Montague was the real name of the Earl of Sandwich.