Population and Visitor Statistics

Population and Visitor Statistics

Hawaiian Kingdom, Republic, Territory,

and State of Hawai‘i

1778—Captain Cook’s crew estimates the population of the Hawaiian Islands at about 400,000. Later estimates vary from less than 300,000 to more than 700,000.

1805—The population of the Hawaiian Islands is documented at 264,160.

1831—The first archipelago census gives a population of 130,313.

1850—The native Hawaiian population is about 82,000 people.

1853—The population of the Hawaiian Islands is 73,134, including 2,119 foreigners. The native Hawaiian population continues to decline from an estimated 300,000 people living in the Hawaiian Islands at the time of first Western contact (see Chapter 11, Timeline: 1778, Jan. 18).

1872—The population of the Hawaiian Islands is documented at 56,897 people.

1876—The population of the Hawaiian Islands is 53,900 people. After this date, the overall population stops decreasing and begins to increase, though the native population continues to decline.

1884—The population of the Hawaiian Islands is reported to be more than 80,000 people, which is an increase of 24,000 people from just twelve years earlier, though the native population continues to decline.

1890—It is estimated that less than 40,000 native Hawaiians remain, down from the estimated population of more than 300,000 people in the Hawaiian Islands at the time of Western Contact (see Chapter 11, Timeline: 1778, Jan. 18).

The main cause of the decline of the native Hawaiian population is the introduction of foreign diseases including measles, smallpox, Asiatic cholera, whooping cough, scarlet fever, diphtheria, influenza, syphilis, gonorrhea, bubonic plague, dysentery, and numerous other maladies.

The clash of cultures as well as the loss of land, religion, rituals, and language also has devastating negative affects on the native population.

1900-1920—The population of the Hawaiian Islands in 1900 is documented at 154,001 people, including about 25% Hawaiian or part-Hawaiian; 40% Japanese; 16% Chinese; 12% Portuguese; and about 5% Caucasian.

The first two decades of the 1900s see a mass migration to the Hawaiian Islands by hundreds of thousands of foreigners, at the same time that the native Hawaiian population suffers a massive decline due to foreign diseases and other causes. Foreigners outnumber those of Polynesian descent (native Hawaiians).

Earlier waves of Portuguese laborers and immigrant laborers from China and Japan are supplemented by the importation of laborers from Puerto Rico (1900), Korea (1903), and the Philippines (1907-1931).

In 1900 there are more than 60,000 Japanese in the Hawaiian Islands, and by 1920, they comprise more than 40% of the total population. (See Immigrant Laborers, Chapter 12.)

1910—The population of the Hawaiian Islands is documented at 191,874 people, including 26,041 Hawaiians and 12,056 part-Hawaiians.

1920—The population of the Hawaiian Islands is documented at 255,881 people, with 42.7% of the population being of Japanese descent. (See Immigrant Laborers, Chapter 12.)

1929, August 10—The population of Honolulu is 114,630. The population of the Hawaiian Islands is 357,647.

1930—The population of the Hawaiian Islands is documented at 368,336 people.

1940—The population of the Hawaiian Islands is documented at 420,770 people.

1950—The population of the Territory of Hawai‘i is documented at 499,794 people, and about 85% of these are United States citizens.

About one-third of the population of the Hawaiian Islands is Caucasian, one-third Japanese, and 12% are part Hawaiian, with only about 2% pure Hawaiian. About 10% of the population is Filipino, and there are also a small number of Chinese, North Koreans, and Puerto Ricans.

1959—The population of the State of Hawai‘i is about 622,000 people, with more than 240,000 annual visitors.

1960—The population of the State of Hawai‘i is 632,772 people.

1964—Caucasians become the majority in the Hawaiian Islands for the first time.

1967—The annual visitor count of the Hawaiian Islands exceeds one million people for the first time.

1970—The population of the State of Hawai‘i is 769,913 people.

1972—The annual visitor count of the Hawaiian Islands exceeds two million people.

1979—The annual visitor count of the Hawaiian Islands exceeds four million people.

1980—The population of the State of Hawai‘i is 964,691 people.

1982—The population of the State of Hawai‘i exceeds 1 million people.

1986—The State of Hawai‘i annual visitor count exceeds five million people. Tourism continues to grow as the driving force of the economy of the Hawaiian Islands.

1990—The population of the Hawaiian Islands is documented at 1,108,228 people, with more than 6.7 million annual visitors.

2000—The population of the State of Hawai‘i is 1,211,537 people, including 239,655 people of native Hawaiian ancestry. Twenty-one percent of Hawai‘i’s 1.21 million residents identify their ancestry as Japanese; 17.7% Filipino; 16.3% Hawaiian; 8.3% Chinese; 5.8% German.

Visitors to the Hawaiian Islands total 6,983,394, including 6,948,594 by air and 34,800 by ship. Visitor expenditures in 2000 total $10.9 billion. This visitor expenditure total is the second highest recorded to date (the 1995 total was $11.1 billion).

2001—The population of the State of Hawai‘i is 1,224,398 people. Visitors to the Hawaiian Islands total 6,350,361, including 6,303,790 by air and 46,571 by ship.

2002, July 1—According to the Census Bureau, the July 1, 2002 population of the Hawaiian Islands is 1,244,898 people, including: Maui County-134,007; Island of Hawai‘i—154,794; Kaua‘i—59,946; City and County of Honolulu—896,019; and Metropolitan Honolulu (Red Hill to Hawai‘i Kai)—378,155.

2002Visitors to the State of Hawai‘i total 6,452,834, including 6,389,058 by air and 63,776 by ship.

2003—The population of the State of Hawai‘i is 1,257,608, including about 7,000 Hawaiians, and 401,000 part (mixed-blood) Hawaiians.

The population of the Hawaiian Islands ranks 42nd in the United States, which has a total population of about 290 million. The Hawaiian Islands gained 16,945 new residents during the previous year, which is a total population increase of about 1%.

Visitors to the State of Hawai‘i in 2003 total 6,442,020, including 6,380,439 by air and 61,581 by ship.

2004Visitors to the State of Hawai‘i total 6,991,927, including 6,912,094 by air and 79,833 by ship.

2004—The population of the State of Hawai‘i is 1,262,840, an increase of about 1.1% from 2003, and including about 200,000 people of native Hawaiian ancestry.

2005—The population of the State of Hawai‘i is 1,275,194.